Marquette Law School Supreme Court Poll January 9-20, 2023

Court items only

(Percentages are rounded to whole numbers for reporting of results. Frequencies have been rounded to whole numbers but percentages are calculated based on non-integer weighted sample sizes.)

Results for survey items among all respondents are presented here (unless otherwise indicated). Please note that some questions are only asked of particular groups of respondents. In these instances, the row “NA’s” includes the number and percent of total respondents omitted from the question. These omitted cases are ignored when calculating the “Valid” and “Cumulative” percent columns.

B2: Supreme Court approval

Overall, how much do you approve or disapprove of the way the US Supreme Court is handling its job?
Strongly approve Somewhat approve Somewhat disapprove Strongly disapprove n
sex
Male 8 44 28 21 473
Female 7 37 37 18 510
Another gender 0 0 39 61 14
age
18-29 3 34 39 24 180
30-44 5 39 33 23 257
45-59 6 42 36 15 236
60+ 12 41 27 19 326
education
Less than HS 2 49 38 11 86
HS graduate 9 43 31 17 296
Vocational/tech school/some college/ associates 7 35 35 23 269
Bachelor's degree 10 39 37 14 165
Post grad study/professional degree 4 38 27 30 181
income
Less than $30k 7 38 37 18 261
$30k to less than $50k 6 39 34 19 153
$50k to less than $75k 7 38 29 26 177
$75k to less than $100k 9 40 35 16 131
$100k or more 8 43 30 19 275
party ID, leaners as partisans
Republican 14 55 24 7 401
Independent 4 31 46 17 172
Democrat 2 29 36 33 426
party ID, leaners as independents
Republican 14 53 25 8 296
Independent 6 36 39 19 400
Democrat 2 32 33 33 302
party ID, leaners separate
Republican 14 53 25 8 296
Lean Republican 13 61 21 6 105
Independent 4 31 46 17 172
Lean Democrat 2 21 43 34 123
Democrat 2 32 33 33 302
party ID, 7-category
Strong Republican 20 53 20 7 185
Weak Republican 3 53 35 9 111
Lean Republican 13 61 21 6 105
Independent 4 31 46 17 172
Lean Democrat 2 21 43 34 123
Weak Democrat 0 37 40 23 123
Strong Democrat 4 29 28 39 180
marital status
Single, that is never married 5 30 40 25 222
Single, living with a partner 6 39 37 19 128
Married 9 45 26 20 488
Separated 5 41 49 5 29
Widowed 2 53 39 6 32
Divorced 5 34 38 19 101
race and ethnicity
White Non-Hispanic 10 43 27 20 609
Black Non-Hispanic 4 38 36 19 114
Hispanic 4 34 40 23 174
Other 3 23 55 19 87
religious service attendance
More than once a week 7 55 26 8 71
Once a week 17 51 25 7 184
Once or twice a month 2 54 28 15 88
A few times a year 6 35 40 19 128
Seldom 7 40 36 17 221
Never 3 27 35 34 308
religious preference
Born-again Protestant 16 47 26 11 191
Mainline Protestant 3 48 32 18 114
Roman Catholic 7 51 34 8 214
No religion 4 27 36 33 311
Other religion 6 35 33 24 163
ideology
Very conservative 20 52 21 7 123
Somewhat conservative 12 61 20 6 226
Moderate 4 42 40 15 366
Somewhat liberal 1 18 47 34 157
Very liberal 4 10 29 57 120
voter registration status
Yes 8 39 32 20 790
No 3 42 36 17 205

B2: Supreme Court approval, 2-cat

Overall, how much do you approve or disapprove of the way the US Supreme Court is handling its job?
Approve Disapprove n
sex
Male 51 49 473
Female 44 55 510
Another gender 0 100 14
age
18-29 37 63 180
30-44 45 55 257
45-59 49 51 236
60+ 53 46 326
education
Less than HS 51 49 86
HS graduate 52 48 296
Vocational/tech school/some college/ associates 42 58 269
Bachelor's degree 49 51 165
Post grad study/professional degree 42 56 181
income
Less than $30k 45 55 261
$30k to less than $50k 45 53 153
$50k to less than $75k 45 55 177
$75k to less than $100k 49 51 131
$100k or more 51 49 275
party ID, leaners as partisans
Republican 69 31 401
Independent 35 63 172
Democrat 31 69 426
party ID, leaners as independents
Republican 67 33 296
Independent 42 58 400
Democrat 35 65 302
party ID, leaners separate
Republican 67 33 296
Lean Republican 74 26 105
Independent 35 63 172
Lean Democrat 23 77 123
Democrat 35 65 302
party ID, 7-category
Strong Republican 74 26 185
Weak Republican 57 43 111
Lean Republican 74 26 105
Independent 35 63 172
Lean Democrat 23 77 123
Weak Democrat 37 63 123
Strong Democrat 33 67 180
marital status
Single, that is never married 35 65 222
Single, living with a partner 45 55 128
Married 54 46 488
Separated 46 54 29
Widowed 55 45 32
Divorced 40 57 101
race and ethnicity
White Non-Hispanic 53 47 609
Black Non-Hispanic 42 55 114
Hispanic 38 62 174
Other 26 74 87
religious service attendance
More than once a week 61 34 71
Once a week 68 32 184
Once or twice a month 56 44 88
A few times a year 41 59 128
Seldom 47 53 221
Never 31 69 308
religious preference
Born-again Protestant 63 37 191
Mainline Protestant 50 50 114
Roman Catholic 58 42 214
No religion 32 68 311
Other religion 41 57 163
ideology
Very conservative 72 28 123
Somewhat conservative 74 26 226
Moderate 45 55 366
Somewhat liberal 19 81 157
Very liberal 14 86 120
voter registration status
Yes 48 52 790
No 45 53 205

C1: Confidence in SCOTUS

[The US Supreme Court] Here is a list of institutions in American society. How much confidence do you have in each one?
A great deal Quite a lot Some Very little None at all n
sex
Male 8 26 36 21 9 473
Female 8 21 40 23 7 510
Another gender 0 0 16 49 35 14
age
18-29 10 14 33 32 11 180
30-44 7 18 41 23 11 257
45-59 7 29 41 17 7 236
60+ 8 28 36 21 6 326
education
Less than HS 4 23 36 24 13 86
HS graduate 9 23 39 20 9 296
Vocational/tech school/some college/ associates 9 21 37 25 8 269
Bachelor's degree 10 22 42 20 6 165
Post grad study/professional degree 6 28 34 25 8 181
income
Less than $30k 8 18 40 22 13 261
$30k to less than $50k 6 23 32 27 12 153
$50k to less than $75k 8 25 39 24 5 177
$75k to less than $100k 9 25 42 18 6 131
$100k or more 9 26 37 22 6 275
party ID, leaners as partisans
Republican 13 35 37 13 2 401
Independent 6 12 47 23 12 172
Democrat 4 16 34 32 13 426
party ID, leaners as independents
Republican 14 35 37 12 2 296
Independent 5 19 42 24 10 400
Democrat 6 18 33 31 13 302
party ID, leaners separate
Republican 14 35 37 12 2 296
Lean Republican 9 37 39 13 2 105
Independent 6 12 47 23 12 172
Lean Democrat 0 12 38 34 14 123
Democrat 6 18 33 31 13 302
party ID, 7-category
Strong Republican 19 35 34 10 2 185
Weak Republican 6 34 42 15 2 111
Lean Republican 9 37 39 13 2 105
Independent 6 12 47 23 12 172
Lean Democrat 0 12 38 34 14 123
Weak Democrat 6 17 36 33 8 123
Strong Democrat 6 18 31 29 16 180
marital status
Single, that is never married 9 13 36 30 12 222
Single, living with a partner 5 18 38 28 11 128
Married 9 29 37 18 7 488
Separated 5 24 56 14 1 29
Widowed 11 24 41 22 1 32
Divorced 4 23 40 23 10 101
race and ethnicity
White Non-Hispanic 8 26 37 21 8 609
Black Non-Hispanic 8 17 40 23 13 114
Hispanic 7 22 36 28 6 174
Other 10 14 41 21 13 87
religious service attendance
More than once a week 12 24 41 12 11 71
Once a week 12 39 34 12 3 184
Once or twice a month 11 26 44 16 3 88
A few times a year 7 22 40 23 8 128
Seldom 7 20 43 24 7 221
Never 4 16 33 33 15 308
religious preference
Born-again Protestant 13 33 33 17 4 191
Mainline Protestant 9 22 44 18 7 114
Roman Catholic 10 31 37 19 3 214
No religion 3 14 35 32 15 311
Other religion 8 19 43 20 10 163
ideology
Very conservative 16 30 37 13 4 123
Somewhat conservative 13 41 34 10 3 226
Moderate 6 20 47 22 5 366
Somewhat liberal 2 15 34 37 11 157
Very liberal 3 5 22 42 28 120
voter registration status
Yes 8 26 36 23 7 790
No 6 12 46 22 13 205

C4: Confidence in State Supreme Court

[Your state Supreme Court or highest court in your state] Here is a list of institutions in American society. How much confidence do you have in each one?
A great deal Quite a lot Some Very little None at all n
sex
Male 6 29 40 19 6 473
Female 7 20 49 17 6 510
Another gender 0 0 26 42 32 14
age
18-29 7 11 50 23 9 180
30-44 5 22 46 21 6 257
45-59 8 27 45 13 8 236
60+ 7 31 40 17 5 326
education
Less than HS 4 23 37 24 12 86
HS graduate 6 21 43 22 9 296
Vocational/tech school/some college/ associates 7 23 44 21 5 269
Bachelor's degree 11 26 49 10 4 165
Post grad study/professional degree 6 30 46 13 5 181
income
Less than $30k 6 19 44 21 10 261
$30k to less than $50k 6 24 39 23 8 153
$50k to less than $75k 7 24 49 18 3 177
$75k to less than $100k 5 24 50 15 6 131
$100k or more 9 29 42 15 4 275
party ID, leaners as partisans
Republican 9 25 42 18 6 401
Independent 4 12 47 26 11 172
Democrat 6 27 45 16 6 426
party ID, leaners as independents
Republican 10 26 38 20 5 296
Independent 3 18 48 20 10 400
Democrat 8 29 45 15 4 302
party ID, leaners separate
Republican 10 26 38 20 5 296
Lean Republican 5 23 51 12 8 105
Independent 4 12 47 26 11 172
Lean Democrat 2 22 47 18 10 123
Democrat 8 29 45 15 4 302
party ID, 7-category
Strong Republican 14 25 34 20 7 185
Weak Republican 5 28 46 20 1 111
Lean Republican 5 23 51 12 8 105
Independent 4 12 47 26 11 172
Lean Democrat 2 22 47 18 10 123
Weak Democrat 7 22 50 17 4 123
Strong Democrat 8 34 41 13 4 180
marital status
Single, that is never married 7 17 47 22 8 222
Single, living with a partner 2 17 49 22 10 128
Married 8 28 41 17 5 488
Separated 9 28 51 12 1 29
Widowed 10 32 43 13 2 32
Divorced 5 24 46 16 8 101
race and ethnicity
White Non-Hispanic 6 24 45 18 7 609
Black Non-Hispanic 4 27 44 16 9 114
Hispanic 8 22 42 25 4 174
Other 15 22 43 14 7 87
religious service attendance
More than once a week 6 22 49 9 14 71
Once a week 14 29 39 15 3 184
Once or twice a month 9 34 36 15 6 88
A few times a year 7 19 50 18 6 128
Seldom 5 23 44 22 6 221
Never 3 21 47 21 8 308
religious preference
Born-again Protestant 9 26 40 20 4 191
Mainline Protestant 12 20 46 17 4 114
Roman Catholic 8 29 43 16 5 214
No religion 3 20 46 22 9 311
Other religion 6 27 45 12 10 163
ideology
Very conservative 11 28 33 17 12 123
Somewhat conservative 9 23 46 18 4 226
Moderate 5 25 48 19 3 366
Somewhat liberal 7 28 48 11 6 157
Very liberal 5 18 37 28 12 120
voter registration status
Yes 8 27 43 17 5 790
No 4 10 50 23 13 205

C8: Justice nomination majority

What is your guess as to whether a majority of the current US Supreme Court Justices were appointed by Democratic or Republican presidents?
Definitely a majority appointed by Democratic presidents Probably a majority appointed by Democratic presidents Probably a majority appointed by Republican presidents Definitely a majority appointed by Republican presidents n
sex
Male 3 14 37 46 473
Female 6 23 44 27 510
Another gender 0 0 73 27 14
age
18-29 5 22 46 26 180
30-44 6 22 44 28 257
45-59 6 21 38 34 236
60+ 1 11 39 49 326
education
Less than HS 12 30 32 27 86
HS graduate 6 24 40 28 296
Vocational/tech school/some college/ associates 4 18 45 32 269
Bachelor's degree 1 11 49 40 165
Post grad study/professional degree 1 10 34 54 181
income
Less than $30k 6 31 41 21 261
$30k to less than $50k 5 20 41 33 153
$50k to less than $75k 5 15 40 39 177
$75k to less than $100k 5 15 37 43 131
$100k or more 1 8 44 47 275
party ID, leaners as partisans
Republican 4 21 40 34 401
Independent 5 25 48 20 172
Democrat 4 13 39 44 426
party ID, leaners as independents
Republican 5 21 40 34 296
Independent 4 21 44 30 400
Democrat 4 12 38 46 302
party ID, leaners separate
Republican 5 21 40 34 296
Lean Republican 2 21 41 36 105
Independent 5 25 48 20 172
Lean Democrat 3 16 42 39 123
Democrat 4 12 38 46 302
party ID, 7-category
Strong Republican 5 15