Marquette Law School Supreme Court Poll January 9-20, 2023

Court Items only

(Percentages are rounded to whole numbers for reporting of results. Frequencies have been rounded to whole numbers but percentages are calculated based on non-integer weighted sample sizes.)

Results for survey items among all respondents are presented here (unless otherwise indicated). Please note that some questions are only asked of particular groups of respondents. In these instances, the row “NA’s” includes the number and percent of total respondents omitted from the question. These omitted cases are ignored when calculating the “Valid” and “Cumulative” percent columns.

B2: Supreme Court approval

Overall, how much do you approve or disapprove of the way the US Supreme Court is handling its job?
Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Strongly approve 72 7 7 7
Somewhat approve 398 40 40 47
Somewhat disapprove 328 33 33 80
Strongly disapprove 199 20 20 100
Skipped/Ref 3 0 0 100

B2: Supreme Court approval, 2-cat

Overall, how much do you approve or disapprove of the way the US Supreme Court is handling its job?
Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Approve 470 47 47 47
Disapprove 527 53 53 100
Skipped/Ref 3 0 0 100

C1: Confidence in SCOTUS

[The US Supreme Court] Here is a list of institutions in American society. How much confidence do you have in each one?
Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
A great deal 79 8 8 8
Quite a lot 231 23 23 31
Some 378 38 38 69
Very little 226 23 23 91
None at all 86 9 9 100

C4: Confidence in State Supreme Court

[Your state Supreme Court or highest court in your state] Here is a list of institutions in American society. How much confidence do you have in each one?
Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
A great deal 68 7 7 7
Quite a lot 240 24 24 31
Some 442 44 44 75
Very little 183 18 18 93
None at all 66 7 7 100

C8: Justice nomination majority

What is your guess as to whether a majority of the current US Supreme Court Justices were appointed by Democratic or Republican presidents?
Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Definitely a majority appointed by Democratic presidents 42 4 4 4
Probably a majority appointed by Democratic presidents 183 18 18 23
Probably a majority appointed by Republican presidents 411 41 41 64
Definitely a majority appointed by Republican presidents 359 36 36 99
Skipped/Ref 5 1 1 100

C9: Justice motivations

In general, what most often motivates Supreme Court justices’ decisions?
Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Mainly politics 487 49 49 49
Mainly the law 513 51 51 100

C10: consider public opinion

Should justices of the Supreme Court consider public opinion about a case when making decisions or should they ignore public opinion?
Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Should consider public opinion 555 56 56 56
Should ignore public opinion 444 44 44 100
Skipped/Ref 1 0 0 100

C11: consider precedent

Should justices of the Supreme Court follow previous decisions whenever possible or should the Court overturn previous decisions if a majority of the Court believes the case was wrongly decided?
Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Follow previous decisions 281 28 28 28
Overturn if a majority think it was wrongly decided 718 72 72 100
Skipped/Ref 1 0 0 100

C15: Heard about affirmative action case

[A Supreme Court case concerning the use of race in college admissions] Here are some recent topics in the news. How much have you heard or read about each of these?
Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
A lot 170 17 17 17
A little 470 47 47 64
Nothing at all 360 36 36 100

C16: Heard about independent legislature case

[A Supreme Court case concerning the powers of state legislatures to set the rules for federal elections for congress and president] Here are some recent topics in the news. How much have you heard or read about each of these?
Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
A lot 160 16 16 16
A little 460 46 46 62
Nothing at all 380 38 38 100

D1: SCOTUS ideology

[The US Supreme Court] In general, would you describe each of the following as…?
Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Very conservative 221 22 22 22
Somewhat conservative 367 37 37 59
Moderate 308 31 31 90
Somewhat liberal 80 8 8 98
Very liberal 19 2 2 99
Skipped/Ref 5 1 1 100

H1: Affirmative action

[Rule that colleges cannot use race as one of several factors in deciding which applicants to admit.] Do you favor or oppose the following possible future Supreme Court decisions, or haven’t you heard enough about this to have an opinion?
Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Heard nothing at all 199 20 20 20
Heard of but not enough for an opinion 290 29 29 49
Favor 349 35 35 84
Oppose 162 16 16 100

H1: (those with opinions only)

[THOSE WITH OPINIONS ONLY] [Rule that colleges cannot use race as one of several factors in deciding which applicants to admit.] Do you favor or oppose the following possible future Supreme Court decisions, or haven’t you heard enough about this to have an opinion?
Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Favor 349 35 68 68
Oppose 162 16 32 100
(Missing) 490 49 NA NA

H2: LGBTQ discrimination